qmail-pw2u(8)        Maintenance Procedures         qmail-pw2u(8)

     qmail-pw2u - build address assignments from a passwd file

     qmail-pw2u [ -ohHuUC ] [ -cchar ]

     qmail-pw2u reads a V7-format passwd file from standard input
     and prints a qmail-users-format assignment file.

     A V7-format passwd file is a series of lines.  Each line has
     the format


     where user is an account name, uid and gid are the  user  id
     and group id of that account, and home is the account's home
     directory.   password,  gecos,  and  shell  are  ignored  by

     If   you    put    the    output    of    qmail-pw2u    into
     /var/qmail/users/assign,  and  then  run  qmail-newu, qmail-
     lspawn will obey  the  assignments  printed  by  qmail-pw2u.
     WARNING:  After  changing  any  users,  uids,  gids, or home
     directories in your passwd file, you must run qmail-pw2u and
     qmail-newu  again  if  you  want  qmail-lspawn  to  see  the

     By default, qmail-pw2u follows  the  same  rules  as  qmail-
     getpw.   It skips user if (1) uid is zero, (2) home does not
     exist, (3) user does not own  home,  or  (4)  user  contains
     uppercase  letters.   It then gives each remaining user con-
     trol over the basic user address and all  addresses  of  the
     form  user-anything.   A catch-all user, alias, controls all
     other addresses.

     You  may  change  these  rules  by  setting  up   files   in

          Allowed users, one per line.  If  include  exists,  and
          user is not listed in include, user is ignored.

          Ignored users, one per line.  If  exclude  exists,  and
          user is listed in exclude, user is ignored.

          Replacement names for users.  Each line has the form


SunOS 5.5                 Last change:                          1

qmail-pw2u(8)        Maintenance Procedures         qmail-pw2u(8)

          The addresses mailname1 and mailname1-ext and mailname2
          and so on will be delivered to user.

          WARNING: The addresses user and user-ext  will  not  be
          delivered  to  user unless user is listed as one of the

          A line in mailnames is silently  ignored  if  the  user
          does not exist.

          Extra addresses.  Each line has the form


          sub will be handled by home/.qmail-pre, where  home  is
          user's  home  directory;  sub-ext  will  be  handled by

          Extra assignments, printed at the end  of  qmail-pw2u's

     -o    (Default.)  Skip user if home does not  exist  (or  is
          not  visible  to qmail-pw2u).  Skip user if home is not
          owned by user.

     -h    Stop if home does not exist.  This is  appropriate  if
          every  user is supposed to have a home directory.  Skip
          user if home is not owned by user.

     -H    Do not check the existence or ownership of home.

     -U    (Default.)  Skip  user  if  there  are  any  uppercase
          letters in user.

     -u    Allow uppercase letters in user.

          Use char as the user-extension delimiter in place of -.

     -C    Disable the user-extension mechanism.

     qmail-users(5),   qmail-lspawn(8),   qmail-newu(8),   qmail-

SunOS 5.5                 Last change:                          2